Doberman Dog Breed Information and Personality Traits

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Dobermans are compactly-built dogs—muscular, fast, and powerful—standing between 24 to 28 inches at the shoulder. 

The body is sleek but substantial, and is covered with a glistening coat of black, blue, red, or fawn, with rust markings. 

These elegant qualities, combined with a noble, wedge-shaped head and an easy, athletic way of moving have earned Dobermans a reputation as royalty in the canine kingdom.

 A well-conditioned Doberman on patrol will deter all but the most foolish intruder.


A German named Louis Dobermann is credited with developing the Doberman pinscher breed in the late 1800s. 

He was a tax collector and wanted a fierce guard dog to accompany him on his rounds. Dobermann also kept the local dog pound, where he had access to many strays.

No one knows for certain, but Dobermann is thought to have crossed many breeds to get the Doberman pinscher. 

Some of the breeds thought to be involved include the rottweiler, German pinscher, Great Dane, German shepherd dog, Manchester terrier, and English greyhound shorthaired shepherd.

Although initially bred and still used worldwide as guard dogs, Doberman pinschers also have been police and military dogs, rescue dogs and therapy dogs.

Weight Range:

Male: 65-90 lbs.
Female: 65-90 lbs.

Height at Withers:

Male: 26-28 in.

Female: 24-26 in.


Floppy ears (naturally)


Exercise Requirements: >40 minutes/day
Energy Level: Very energetic
Longevity Range: 10-12 yrs.
Tendency to Drool: Low Tendency to Snore: Low
Tendency to Bark: Low
Tendency to Dig: Low Social/Attention Needs: Moderate


Length: Short
Characteristics: Flat
Colors: Black, red, blue, fawn (all with tan markings)
Overall Grooming Needs: Low

Males are about 27 or 28 inches tall and weigh about 70 pounds (32 kilograms), while females are an inch or two shorter and weigh about 60 to 65 pounds (27 to 29 kilograms).

The Doberman pinscher has a long head and a sleek, muscular body. 

The ears are often cropped to stand erect, and the tail is usually docked short.

The Doberman pinscher has a short, sleek and shiny coat that is black, dark red, blue or fawn with rust-colored markings on the face, body and tail. 

This dog is an average shedder and requires minimal grooming. Dobermans live about 10 to 12 years.


Character & Temperament

Dobermans are best known for being devoted companions and loyal guard dogs. 

They are always alert and watchful, being extremely skilful and versatile. 

They are mostly family dogs and they need to be part of the household, participating in everything and being always around.

 Dobermans are not happy as backyard dogs, though they will sure appreciate a fenced yard where they can run, play, and exercise, as they are very active and energetic.

When correctly socialised and trained, Dobermans are well-rounded and have a very stable character. 

They are driven and usually know what they want, having a tendency to be stubborn if proper leadership is not enforced. 

They can be dominant, so it is important that the owner establishes him/herself as the leader of the pack, with a consistent and firm attitude.

 Dobermans are highly intelligent and need commitment and care from their owners, as well as sufficient stimuli – both mental and physical – to strive as healthy, happy dogs.

 They value companionship and attention, and are also good giving them back, which makes them a good family dog that gets along well with children and other pets.

Because they are essentially guard dogs, they tend to bark, which is why it is important for owners to know how to control inappropriate barking habits. 

They can also become destructive when they are bored, as they crave activity and adventure. They are also known to mature quite late, keeping their puppy traits until they are 3 or 4 years old. In spite of this, Dobermans have great instincts, being able to predict potential dangers or threats, which goes along with their natural protective tendencies and guarding skills.


Doberman pinschers are considered people-oriented dogs that are affectionate and sweet with people, if socialized and trained properly.

 They are loyal to their owners and are good with children if raised with them; however, some Dobermans bond only to one person.

Living With:

Doberman pinschers powerful, energetic dogs that need lots of exercise.

 If they are not exercised, they are more likely to become irritable or even aggressive. 

They can adjust well to apartment living if exercised daily.

Careful socialization and obedience training from a young age are essential for this breed. Doberman pinschers respond very well to positive reinforcement.

No special guard training is needed for anyone who wants a good family protector. 

In fact, Doberman pinscher experts often advise against special guard training, which could result in over-guarding and aggression.

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